Rakesh Ranjan Kumar is a trained economist with a PhD in Labour Economics from Jawaharlal Nehru University, Delhi. His doctoral thesis focused on issues of youth employment, skill development and technology interface in India since 1991. His MPhil from Centre for Development Studies, Trivandrum investigated the dynamics of economic mobility, migration and capability using data from the Kerala Migration Surveys. He has worked intensively in the fields of employment, skills and migration. He has also conducted field surveys for some ILO projects and has taught under-graduate courses of economics at Munger and Delhi Universities.