S Irudaya Rajan and Varsha Joshi
MARCH 23, 2023
A serious concern to protect interstate migrants from all forms of violence must be reflected in the draft National Migrant Labour policy and its future implementation
S Irudaya Rajan, AUG 15 2022, 00:30 IST
- According to data from the Ministry of External Affairs, some 18,000 Indian students were studying in Ukraine at the time Russia invaded; most of them were medical students.
- Though the Indian government brought them all back, there is considerable uncertainty over their careers.
- The government has to come up with a policy, on an ad hoc basis, to ensure these students are able to continue their education on a predictable, reliable path.
Redistribution measures have been ineffective and there are no policies discouraging accumulation of income and wealth
The COVID-19 pandemic has exposed the stark divide between the rich and the poor. At this juncture, evaluating the state of inequality serves as an eye-opener on the income/wealth divides prevailing across regions. Such divides are represented in terms of the share of income/wealth among the top 10% of the population against the bottom 50% of the population. With regard to income, the top 10% of the global population share 52% of the total income, while the bottom half survives with a mere 8.5% of it. This leaves 40% in the middle with 40% of the income. This distribution shows the tendency of a rising middle class with the lower disparity in income, but it also shows that the status of the poor is worsening day by day. In terms of wealth, the top 10% of the global population own 76% of the total wealth, while the bottom 50% share a mere 2%. The practice of unabated accumulation has been possible in the absence of effective measures of redistribution on the one hand and the absence of measures discouraging undue accumulation on the other.
View: India need not worry about indicators like Global Hunger Index
Collection of caste information while conducting census may dilute the exercise at the very least and send wrong signals regarding its purpose.
India is busy debating the caste census when the regular Census itself has not been conducted owing to the pandemic. It is quite ironic that various elections have been held, and people gathered together at large rallies flouting COVID-19 norms, while the Census has still not been conducted. This is the first time that India has not conducted its decadal Census since the exercise began.